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Becoming an Architect

The following information is to provide you an introductory overview to architecture, architects, and the practice of architecture in our world today.

What is Architecture all about?

Architecture is the art, the science and the business of building.

Architects create homes, office towers, schools and churches. They are talented people with a flair for design, an awareness of social trends, keen business sense, solid engineering skills and an understanding of the law. The word “versatile” may have been invented to describe Architects!

Today’s Architect may practise alone or be part of a small, medium or large firm. Some Architects are self-employed. Others may be on salary, as employees of government, real estate developers or large corporations.

“Clients” are the people who use the services of Architects. A client may be a family, a school board, a company, a housing authority, a government department or a building contractor.


Why does architecture matter

There’s no place like home

The design or re-design of a home is one of the most fascinating and important things an Architect can do. Homes house the daily activities of families and individuals. Sometimes they offer privacy and shelter. On festive occasions, they are places of open hospitality. Rural or urban, row house or apartment, the home may be used year-round or only for vacations. Beyond our homes, the community takes shape. 

Keeping the past alive

Old buildings add variety to city streets and remind us of our links to the past. Public interest in restoring old buildings is as strong as the economic pressure to re-use them. The result ? Architects are using modern techniques and ideas to renew historic buildings across Canada.

Inside the home and office

Respected Architects have designed chairs, tables, cabinets and fabrics--objects that lend comfort and pleasure to people’s homes and work spaces. When the desire to create something “organic” or whole, is strong, Architects design not only a building and the space around a building, they will also shape the space inside the building.

Mirrors of time

Great civilizations leave behind great architecture. Think of the pyramids of Egypt, the columns of Greece and Rome, the great Gothic cathedrals. Architecture reflects the religious, political and social values of the day. Today’s buildings express our society’s common purposes and will tell our story long after we are gone.

Where is Architecture going?

Big and sleek

In giant cities, the voices of commerce, finance, business and government call out for giant buildings. Big buildings can cause big problems, such as increased traffic flow. They also create a need for parking, water, sewer and fire-fighting access. Putting large buildings into a city involves balancing the technical, planning and aesthetic problems posed by size. Architects with special design skills are needed to tackle these big jobs.

Designing the city

Cities are where the action is. The social and economic character of a city is often expressed in urban design. Many Architects serve on planning boards or help people who live in urban neighbourhoods shape the city around them. Sometimes Architects get involved in restoring parts of a city, developing housing projects or industrial parks, or designing shopping centres.

What do Architects do?

It all starts with a commission--or contract--from a client. The commission may involve the design of a single building or a group of buildings and the spaces between them. The client may be a person, a board of directors, a government department or a business. 
Usually, the Architect leads a team of specialists including structural, mechanical and electrical engineers, as well as others. The Architect must also understand and deal with building codes and bylaws set out by municipal, provincial and federal governments. 
The Architect keeps everyone on time and on budget. Technical knowledge, good people skills and no-nonsense business sense are all important to this task.
What’s the bottom line? Architecture is a business. Being creative and designing something beautiful are only the first steps in making a vision come to life. 

What is a typical day?

Such a thing may not exist. But on any given day, an Architect may have to:

  • Meet with clients.
  • Win contracts.
  • Solve problems.
  • Estimate costs.
  • Meet with consultants.
  • Produce drawings.
  • Present at public hearings.
  • Draw up specifications.
  • Call tenders (bids).
  • Visit construction sites.

It can be a real challenge to juggle all the aspects of this demanding job.

What other work is available to architects?

Such a thing may not exist. But on any given day, an Architect may have to:

  • Meet with clients. 
  • Win contracts. 
  • Solve problems. 
  • Estimate costs. 
  • Meet with consultants. 
  • Produce drawings. 
  • Present at public hearings. 
  • Draw up specifications. 
  • Call tenders (bids). 
  • Visit construction sites. 

It can be a real challenge to juggle all the aspects of this demanding job.

What do Architects do?

They Draw

Simple diagrams show the link between spaces or activities. Detailed working drawings show every last detail. Contractors and sub-contractors estimate the cost of the work based on the working drawings of an Architect. When the time to build comes, these drawings will be the building plan.

Taking a drawing off the page and onto the computer screen through 3-D computer modeling can bring an Architect’s design to life, in living colour! Scale models or animated videos that help the viewer “see” the project from start to finish are other ways Architects present ideas to the public or clients.

They Write

Architects must:

  • Write business letters. 
  • Document all aspects of a project. 
  • Develop charts and tables to analyse the project. 
  • Develop specifications which define the building. 
  • Prepare articles for professional journals and magazines. 

They Speak

Being able to think on your feet and communicate clearly is a big part of being an Architect. Explaining, discussing, teaching and persuading are tools of an Architect’s trade. 

Architects are often called upon to: 

  • Make presentations to clients. 
  • Outline concepts, discuss options and offer creative solutions to problems. 
  • Appear before public bodies as an expert. 

They Calculate

It has to add up! Architects must be able to prepare accurate construction and office budgets. They also have to understand structural analysis, heat loads, electrical distribution and traffic flow.

They Take Responsibility

When an Architect “signs-off” on a certificate, it means that part of the job has been completed to the Architect’s satisfaction. Several certificates are signed-off during a contract. 

They Manage

Architects often manage their own offices and businesses. They must also manage projects from the first spark of an idea to the ribbon cutting at a new building. During the construction phase, Architects manage contract administration, oversee drawings and specifications, handle problems that arise on the job site and monitor work in progress.